Traditional Champagne Bottle Size Chart and Measurements. Demi to Melchizedek.

Quarter Bottle or Split 1/4 bottle    187 ml

Half or Demi                 1/2 bottle    375 ml

Bottle                                 1 bottle    750 ml

Magnum                            2 bottles      1.5 L

Jeroboam                           4 bottles        3 L

Rehoboam                        6 bottles      4.5 L

Methuselah                      8 bottles         6 L

Salmanazar                     12 bottles         9 L

Balthazar                          16 bottles       12 L

Nebuchadanezzar          20 bottles       15 L

Melchior                           24 bottles       18 L

Solomon                       26.6 bottles       20 L

Sovereign                      33.3 bottles       25 L

Primat                               36 bottles       27 L

Melchizidek                      40 bottles      30 L


The Transfer Method

This sparkling wine producing technique is a procedure that begins like the traditional method and then transitions to the tank method. This is advantageous and essential for producing very small bottles and very large bottles. Usually the transfer method will occupy 750ml or 1.5 L bottles. After following the traditional method through the second fermentation, all the bottles are emptied into a pressurized tank, filtered and the dosage is added to the tank. This takes away the need for riddling, as well as the individual disgorging and dosage. 

Origin of the names

The names of Champagne bottles from Jeroboam and larger were given biblical names. There are several theories which most are associated with the greatness or wealth of the person. Bordeaux producers began using names for large format bottles in the 17th century and also use the term Jéroboam, but for a 6 L capacity. The Champenois began using them in the mid 2oth century. Recent challenges to make even bigger bottles have continued using names that define greatness.